A town under the Roper Gulf Shire local government area of Northern Territory, Borroloola is located 973 kilometres southwest of the state capital of Darwin, 256 kilometres northwest of Wollogorang, 657 kilometres east of Katherine and 1,207 kilometres northeast of Alice Springs. The town sits on the traditional land of the Yanyuwa Aboriginal people on the plains between the Barkly Tableland to the south and the Gulf of Carpentaria to the north. There are several suggestions as to what the town’s name means, such as “tea tree,” “place of the paperbarks” and “fresh or running water.” Others say that it’s simply the Aboriginal name for the area and nothing else. The area of Borroloola was first sighted in 1845 by Ludwig Leichhardt as he passed through it en route from the Darling Downs in Queensland to Port Essington on Coburg Peninsula. Pastoralists later followed Augustus Gregory, who explored the area located southwest of the present-day Borroloola in 1856. The town grew rapidly by the late 1880s. Today, the community thrives largely on tourism, offering visitors a number of attractions including the Borroloola History and Museum, Barranyi National Park and Caranbirini Nature Reserve. The town’s rivers and coastal areas are also popular among those who enjoy sports fishing. Town amenities include an airport, a caravan park, a hotel, a guest house and a restaurant.
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