Limpinwood is a town within the local government area of the Tweed Shire located in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales. The shire is adjacent to the border of Queensland near the Tasman Sea and was named after the Tweed River. The Tweed River was discovered by John Oxley, an explorer and surveyor during the British colonisation. In 1828, settlers began arriving in the area near the river to harvest great red cedars for England. This brought on a period when the Tweed Valley was one of the richest districts in the country. In 1906, the Shire of Tweed was established after the enactment of the Local Government Act 1906, with most of its population residing in Tumblugum on the Tweed River.